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Concept information

disposition > cognition > memory > short-term memory

Preferred term

short-term memory  


  • Storage system of information with a limited capacity, a short duration (a few seconds) and a fast deterioration of its content.

Broader concept(s)


  • active memory
  • echo box
  • immediate memory
  • primary memory
  • short-term retention
  • short-term storage
  • short-term store
  • STM

Belongs to group


  • Frank Arnould

Bibliographic citation(s)

  • • Cowan, N. (2008). What are the differences between long-term, short-term, and working memory? In W. Sossin, J.-C. Lacaille, V. F. Castelucci, & S. Belleville (Eds.), Progress in Brain Research: The Essence of Memory (Vol. 169, p. 323–338). doi:10.1016/S0079-6123(07)00020-9
  • • Cowan, N. (2019). Short-term memory based on activated long-term memory : A review in response to Norris (2017). Psychological Bulletin, 145(8), 822‑847. doi:10.1037/bul0000199
  • • Norris, D. (20170522). Short-term memory and long-term memory are still different. Psychological Bulletin, 143(9), 992. doi:10.1037/bul0000108
  • • Oberauer, K., Lewandowsky, S., Awh, E., Brown, G. D. A., Conway, A., Cowan, N., Donkin, C., Farrell, S., Hitch, G. J., Hurlstone, M. J., Ma, W. J., Morey, C. C., Nee, D. E., Schweppe, J., Vergauwe, E., & Ward, G. (2018). Benchmarks for models of short-term and working memory. Psychological Bulletin, 144(9), 885‑958. doi:10.1037/bul0000153

Dataset citation(s)

  • • Oberauer, K. (2021, October 18). Benchmarks for Models of Short Term and Working Memory.

In other languages

  • French

  • boite d’écho
  • compartiment à court terme
  • magasin à court terme
  • mémoire active
  • mémoire immédiate
  • mémoire primaire
  • rétention à court terme
  • stockage à court terme


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